Cartilage performs important functions inside the complex structure of our joints. Firstly, it ensures that the bones move smoothly in the joint and secondly, it can cushion and deaden loads and impacts up to seven times our body weight, thus preventing bone damage.
Around the world, millions of people suffer from lesions of the articular cartilage and their quality of life is considerably reduced because of the associated inflammation and pain.
Once the articular cartilage defect has reached a certain stage (grade 3 – 4 in Outerbridge’s classification), conservative treatment methods such as drugs or physiotherapy are no longer sufficient and surgery is unavoidable. Depending on the nature and extent of damage to the articular cartilage, various surgical treatment methods are used.